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Available standards and reference materials at the microprobe Lab of the GZG:

pure elements

Name Formula Reference
Beryllium Be Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Boron B Aldrich Chemical Company, Gillingham, Dorset, England, P&H D.
Carbon C NewMet Ltd., P&H Developments
Diamond C unknown
Aluminium Al Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Silicon Si Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Scandium Sc Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Titanium Ti Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Vanadium V Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Chromium Cr Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Manganese Mn Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Iron Fe Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Cobalt Co Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Nickel Ni Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Copper Cu Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Zinc Zn Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Germanium Ge Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Arsenic As Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Selenium Se Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Zirconium Zr Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Niobium Nb Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Molybdenum Mo Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Ruthenium Ru Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Rhodium Rh Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Palladium Pd Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Silver Ag Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Cadmium Cd Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Indium In Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Tin Sn Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Antimony Sb Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Tellurium Te Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Hafnium Hf Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Tantalum Ta Alpha Products, P&H Developments
Tungsten W Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Rhenium Re Johnson Matthey GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, P&H Developments
Osmium Os Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Iridium Ir Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Platinum Pt Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Gold Au Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Bismuth Bi Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H Developments
Thorium Th Astimex
Uranium U Astimex


minerals, glasses, synthetic materials

Name Formula Reference
Albite NaAlSi3O8 Amelia Co., Virginia, USA, P&H Developments
Andradite-glass (Ca3Fe2[SiO4]3) synthetic, P&H Developments
Anorthite CaAl2Si2O8 Great Sitkin Island, AL, USNM 137041
Anorthoclase (Na,K)AlSi3O8 Kakanui, New Zealand, USNM 133868
Apatite Ca5(OH,Cl,F)(PO4)3 Willberforce, Ontario, Canada, P&H Developments
Barite BaSO4 Cow Green Mine, Harwood Fell, Teesdale, England, P&H D.
Ba-Titanate BaTiO3 Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Cd-Sulphide CdS synthetic, P&H Developments
Calcite CaCO3 USNM 136321
Cassiterite SnO2 Hemerdon open cast, nr. Plympton, Devon, Engl., P&H D.
Celestine SrSO4 Yate, Bristol, England, P&H Developments
Celsiane BaAl2Si2O8 synthetic, Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Cerussite PbCO3 Tsumeb, mineral collection GZG
Chalcopyrite CuFeS2 Carbonatite complex, Palabora, Rep. of South Africa, P&H D.
Chromium Oxide Cr2O3 synthetic, Earth Jewelry Co. Japan, P&H Developments
Cinnabar HgS Caonedo M. Leon, Spain, P&H Developments
Corundum Al2O3 synthetic, P&H Developments
Cs-Chloride CsCl synthetic
Cs-Iodide CsI synthetic
Cuprite Cu2O J. Zang, Idar-Oberstein, Germany
Diopside CaMgSi2O6 Shinners Limestone, Loch Shin, Scotland, P&H Developments
Dolomite CaMg(CO3)2 USNM 10057
Fayalite Fe2SiO4 Rockport, MA, USNM 85276
Fluorite CaF2 County Durham, England, P&H Developments
F-Phlogopite KMg3[F2/AlSi3O10] synthetic, T. Hammouda et al.: EurJMin, 7, 1381-1387, 1995
Gahnite ZnAl2O4 Brazil, USNM 145883
Galena PbS Derbyshire England, P&H Developments
Ga-Arsenide AsGa synthetic, Alpha Products, P&H Developments
Garnet (Ca,Mg,Fe)3(Al,Fe)2(SiO4)3 Kakanui, New Zealand, USNM 143968
Garnet (Ca,Mg,Fe)3(Al,Fe)2(SiO4)3 Roberts Victor Mine, South Africa, USNM 110752
Hematite (Specularite) Fe2O3 Rio Marina, Elba, P&H Developments
In-Antimonide InSb synthetic, Koch Chemicals Ltd., Hertford, England, P&H D.
Jadeit NaAlSi2O6 Astimex
K-Bromide KBr synthetic, Merck
K-Iodide KI synthetic, Merck
Lorandite TlAsS2 Mineral Collection GZG
Microcline (K,Na)AlSi3O8 location unknown, USNM 143966
Mn-Titanate MnTiO3 Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Na-Chloride NaCl synthetic, Merck
Ni-Oxide NiO synthetic, Earth Jewelry Co. Japan, P&H Developments
Olivine (Fe, Mg)2SiO4 San Carlos, Gila Co., USNM 111312/444
Olivine (Fe, Mg)2SiO4 Springwater meteorite, USNM 2566
Orthoclase KAlSi3O8 Lucerne, Switzerland, P&H Developments
Orthoclase KAlSi3O8 Madagaskar, Arnaut & Kelley, GCA Vol. 61, 3227-3255, 1997
Periclase MgO synthetic, P&H Developments
Pollucite Cs[AlSi2O6] Astimex
Pyrite FeS2 Hunsrück, Germany, A. Kronz
Rb-Bromide RbBr synthetic, Merck
Rb-Iodide RbI synthetic, Merck
Rhodonoite (Mn,Ca)SiO3 North Mine, Broken Hill, NSW, Australia, P&H Developments
Sanidine KAlSi3O8 Eifel, Germany, G. Wörner
Siderite FeCO3 USNM R 2460
Ag-Telluride Ag2Te synthetic, Alpha Products, P&H Developments
Si-Nitride Si3N4 Börder, Kontron 07/95
SiO2-glass (SiO2) synthetic
Sr-Titanate SrTiO3 Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Strontianite SrCO3 USNM R 10065
Th-Oxide ThO2 Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Ti-Oxide TiO2 synthetic, Earth Jewelry Co. Japan, P&H Developments
Topas Al2F2SiO4 Thomas Mountains, Utah, USA
Tugtupite Na8[Cl2/(BeAlSi4O12)2] Astimex
U-Oxide UO2 Micro-Analysis Consultants Ltd.
Willemite Zn2SiO4 Franklin, New Jersey, USA, P&H Developments
Wollastonite CaSiO3 Willsboro, New York, USA, P&H Developments
YAG Y3Al5O12 synthetic, L.Ackermann, FEE Idar-Oberstein
Zn-Sulphide ZnS synthetic, Alpha Products, P&H Developments
Zircon ZrSiO4 Kuehl Lake, Kanada, 91500 Wiedenbeck et al. GeoStdNL 19
Zircon ZrSiO4 USNM 117288-3

rare earth Standards

Name comment Reference
Y2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
La2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
CeO2 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Pr6O11 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Nd2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Sm2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Eu2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Gd2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Tb4O7 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Dy2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Ho2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Er2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Tm2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Yb2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
Lu2O3 12 % in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
CAS-blank CAS-blank synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-1 Y,Pr,Dy,Er, 4 % each in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-2 Ce,Eu,Ho,Tm, 4 % each in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-3 La,Sm,Gd,Yb, 4 % each in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-4 Nd,Tb,Lu, 4 % each in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-5 all REE, 0.5 % each in CAS-glass synthetic, P&H Developments
REEG-6 CAS-blank synthetic, P&H Developments
     
     
ScPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
YPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
LaPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
CePO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
PrPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
NdPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
SmPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
EuPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
GdPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
TbPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
DyPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
HoPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
ErPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
TmPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
YbPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA
LuPO4 synthetic Smithsonion Institution, Washington DC, USA

 
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